List of the most important focus areas (science, education, engineering and technical research) for the StrAU in which the university will be highly competitive throughout the next 3-5 years
The competitive advantages of the StrAU, that have no analogues in the world, is connected with the unique monitoring database and research infrastructure, international collaboration with space orbital observatories INTEGRAL, SWIFT, PLANCK, Spectrum-RG; successful implementation of unique education and research projects; fusion of science, innovation and production which allows implementing research projects from idea to smart-scale production.
– extensive observation of 106 small planets and 22 hazard asteroids was carried out by the Optical Telescope RTT–150. Simultaneous observations of stationary and transient (on time and space) sources by using the MMT, with object’s coordinate transfer to RTT-150 for more detailed study, will allow the search and investigation of variables phenomena and objects in the near and far outer in the optical range (by means 0f RATAN- 600 – in the radio range). As for the simultaneous operational investigation of the distribution of meteorite material around the Earth’s orbit in the radio (meteor radar) and optical (MMT) ranges have not been conducted previously, they could consider as a breakthrough KFU project. The implementation of new Master degree program “Radio-physical Monitoring of Outer Space” is also planned.
– development of the ground-based monitoring system of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) or “relic radiation”;
– designing the Phased Radio Antenna for radio interferometry with the long wavelength as a new level of Instrument Engineering, that allow to solve the essential problems of supporting the space positioning of satellites with the use of the cheaper complexes (which could be seen as a future of orbital measurements).
Development of experimental micro satellites by KFU could be seen a s a prospective field in Space Engineering which will be supported by implementation of academic program “Space Engineering”. To transfer the orbital data it is planned to use the satellite communication complex designed in KFU on the principles of physical cryptography. This new technology which has no analogues in the world could be adopted by Russian leading companies Rostechnologii (Rostec) and United Rocket and Space Corporation (URSC).
Another KFU advantage is the leading role in popularization of Space and Astronomy in Russia. Having the unique Planetarium KFU is targeted to realize the University’s Third mission as a Centre for Science Popularization by organizing many conferences, schools, Olympiads and competitions to popularize Space and Astronomy for children and youth.
Impact of the development of the StrAU on the activities and indicators of the university’s “Roadmap”
The StrAU is planned to make the significant contribution to implementation of the KFU Roadmap by the development of new Master and Doctoral programs, invitation of external experts and improving international competencies of research and teaching staff, attracting talented students, doctoral candidates and young researchers, widening the academic mobility and enhancement of university management system.
Implementation of the StrAU project will let Kazan Federal University take the 51-100 place in the QS ranking by subject area «Physics and Astronomy” (according to the KFU Roadmap target indicators). In basic terms, the share of the StrAU is planned to be higher than the average at KFU.