Infrastructure

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Engelhardt Astronomical Observatory (EAO). EAO is the oldest observatory in Russia, located 24 km from the centre of Kazan. The total area is 20 ha. Infrastructure incorporates the following equipment: Robot telescope AZT-14 (Lens diameter 40 cm), Meniscus telescope (lens diameter 40 cm), Telescope ZTL-180 (the lens diameter 20 cm), AFR-180 telescope (lens diameter 20 cm), the Telescope control room MiniMegaTortora, Interregional metrology satellite geophysical ground. In 2014 EAO opened Planetarium of Kazan University (cost of 300 mln. RUB).The main instrument of planetarium is the optical-mechanical projector (Star machine) Megastar II A, made by Japanese enterprise OhiraTechLtd.

RTT 150. Russian-Turkish optical telescope with a primary mirror diameter of 150 cm is installed in the south of Turkey, 50 km from the city of Antalya in the mountains at an altitude of 2,500 meters in the TÜBİTAK National Observatory on the Agreement between the KFU, the Institute of Space Research of RAS and TÜBİTAK. RTT-150 is one of the main segments of the ground support of the Russian-German orbital observatory “Spectrum-RG”, which will be launched into orbit in 2017 and will discover a huge number of new X-ray sources in the Universe. RTT-150 is one of the main Russian telescopes to determine the precise positions of asteroids, approaching to the Earth – within the Russian space program of countering the threats and hazard of asteroids.

Total investments of the parties participating in the project RTT-150 is 5 mln. US dollars

System of wide optical monitoring MiniMegaTortora (MMT). MMT is located on the territory of the optical observation station “Arkhyz” owned by the Scientific and Production Corporation “Precision Instrumentation Systems”. System “MiniMegaTORTORA” provides detection and study of ultrafast phenomena with unknown localization in near and deep space. The main way to receive information is the use of wide optical monitoring of the celestial sphere with high temporal resolution. To carry out continuous observations of this kind a robotic multi-channel (9 lens) optical complex with a total field of view of about 900 square degrees and a time resolution of 0.1 seconds was created. Such a complex accumulates information on all stationary and transient (in time and space) sources of optical radiation localized in the celestial hemisphere (20 000 sq. Deg.), with gloss up to 17.5 magnitude. The cost of the complex is 30 mln. RUB.

Radiophysical Proving Ground is equipped with the new set of the Radio interferometric SKiYMETAll-SKY was installed in 2015 (cost is 12 mln. RUB); phase-goniometrical ionospheric complex, allowing to explore the dynamics of non-uniform structure of the ionosphere; ionospheric station, ensuring the registration parameters of the ionosphere with conversion to the height profile of electron concentration density. The total investments are more than 50 mln. RUB.

North Caucasian Astronomical Station (NCAS) of KFU. The station is equipped with a set of training equipment – optical telescopes with diameters of 28 and 40 cm for student teaching, research work and development of astronomical observation skills. Total investments are estimated at10 mln RUB. The Department of Experimental Astrophysics was established in cooperation with SAO RAS, which is as follows: a) 6-m telescope BTA (Big Azimuth Telescope) is Russia’s largest telescope with 6 meter diameter of main mirror. BTA performs astronomical observations at the request of Russian and foreign astronomers. Astrophysicists of KFU regularly get 10-15 nights per year of observational time on the BTA to implement research projects carried out at the Department of Astronomy and Satellite Geodesy of KFU. BTA is equipped with the modern receiving equipment – spectrometer in the primary focus, the high resolution Echelle spectrometer  in Nasmyth-2 focus, digital speckle interferometer in the primary focus, etc., that allows recording the signal from the distant objects in our Galaxy and beyond its borders; b) radio telescope RATAN-600 is the largest in the world radio telescope in diameter. The diameter of the primary mirror telescope is 576 meters. RATAN-600 operates at wavelengths from 1 to 50 cm. The number of antenna elements is 895.

The joint laboratory with leading international companies. KFU together with leading companies (Keysight Technologies, Rohde&Schwarz, National Instruments) set up joint research laboratories in the field of microwave design, radio measurements and data acquisition systems. Laboratory equipment of these laboratories consists of spectrum analyzers, vector signal analyzers and vector generator and allows finding location and synthesis of almost any radio frequency and information signals in the range from 1 Hz to 50 GHz (the equipment cost 67 mln. RUB). Software (CAD), transferred by these companies to the joint lab, allow synthesizing antenna systems and design of wireless devices within the specified range (commercial value of licenses 200 mln. RUB).

Complex academic laboratories in the field of radio physics and electronics. The Institute of Physics has a modern set of academic laboratories (The cost of equipment is 112 mln. RUB).